Frequently asked questions

Find an answer for your question

1.Which regulations regulate flights of unmanned aircraft systems in Croatia?

a) Ordinance on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, “Official Gazette”, number 104/2018

b) Ordinance on the rules of the air “Official Gazette”, number 128/14

c) Standardized European Rules of the Air (EU) No 923/2012

d) European regulation (EZ) 785/2004

e) European regulation (EZ) 376/2014

f) Air traffic act “Official Gazette”, number 69/09, 84/11, 54/13, 127/13 and 92/14

g) Ordinance on airspace management, “Official Gazette”, number 32 and 104/2018

2.If the operating mass of my unmanned aircraft is 200 kg, do I have to comply with the provisions of the Ordinance on Unmanned Aircraft Systems?

No, the Ordinance on Unmanned Aircraft Systems applies to unmanned aircraft with operating mass up to and including 150 kg.

3.Are the provisions of the Ordinance on Unmanned Aircraft Systems applicable to unmanned aircraft when performing fire-fighting activities?

The Ordinance does not apply to unmanned aircraft when performing fire-fighting activities. Furthermore, the provisions of the Ordinance shall not apply to Unmanned Aircraft Systems when used for State, military, police, security and intelligence, customs, search and rescue, firefighting, coastguard or similar activities conducted for public interest or when used indoors.

4.When am I allowed to commence flight operations with my Unmanned Aircraft?

  • When an Unmanned Aircraft System operator is registered by the Croatian Civil Aviation Agency (FOD-FRM-005) for the conduct of categories B2 and C1 flight operations, or
  • When an Unmanned Aircraft System operator obtains the approval from the Croatian Civil Aviation Agency for performing Category C2 Flight Operations.

5.If I use an unmanned aircraft for aerial photography for my own use (non-commercial) is the applicable procedure the same for me as for the person who conducts flight operations commercially?

Yes, the applicable procedure is the same.

6.Is it necessary for a Remote Pilot to have a special permission to handle an Unmanned Aircraft?

No, the Croatian Civil Aviation Agency does not issue a permit to operate an unmanned aircraft.

7.When should the remote pilot pass the theoretical knowledge examination of the applicable aviation regulations provided by Croatian Civil Aviation Agency?

A remote pilot conducting C1 or C2 flight operations must have a certificate of the passed theoretical exam provided by the Croatian Civil Aviation Agency.

8.How to prepare for the theoretical exam on the knowledge of applicable aviation regulations?

a) Ordinance on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, “Official Gazette”, number 104/2018

b) Ordinance on the rules of the air “Official Gazette”, number 128/14

c) Standardized European Rules of the Air (EU) No 923/2012

d) European regulation (EZ) 785/2004

e) European regulation (EZ) 376/2014

f) Air traffic act “Official Gazette”, number 69/09, 84/11, 54/13, 127/13 and 92/14

g) Ordinance on airspace management, “Official Gazette”, number 32 and 104/2018

9.If the operating mass of my model aircraft is less than 4 kg, must it be labeled?

No, model aircraft weighting less than 4 kg don’t have to be labeled.

10.Which flight operations categories require the identification mark?

The identification mark is required only for the conduct of C2 flight operations category and it is assigned by the Croatian Civil Aviation Agency.

11.How do I have to mark the unmanned aircraft?

Unmanned aircraft must be labeled with a sticker or non-flammable plate which must include the name, address and contact information of the operator. The label must be of the appropriate size so it allows clear identification.

For example: DJI Mavic Air can be marked with sticker.

12.At what distance from the assembly of people shall the flight operations be conducted?

50 meters.

13.Is it possible to obtain an approval from the Croatian Civil Aviation Agency for distances less than 50 m from the assembly of people?

Yes, it is possible. It is required to submit an application for approval of Unmanned Aircraft Systems operations (FOD-FRM-003) at distances lower than prescribed to the Croatian Civil Aviation Agency. Along with the application an acceptable risk assessment for the performance of intended flight operations with Unmanned Aircraft shall be provided.

14.At what distance from people shall the flight operations be conducted?

* Distance from people may be less than 30 meters if slow speed mode is activated on unmanned aircraft (maximum speed allowed is 3 m/s). In this case the distance may be at least 5 meters.

15.Is it allowed to fly at altitudes of more than 200 meters from the ground?

According to the Ordinance on Unmanned Aircraft Systems it is allowed to conduct flight operations up to 120 meters above ground level or 50m above an obstacle, whichever is greater.

For flying higher than 120 m above ground level an operator shall obtain an approval from the Croatian Civil Aviation Agency.

16.Where can I find aeronautical informations (Controlled zones, rules of air, etc)?

Aeronautical information (VFR maps, AIP) can be found at the following link: Aeronautical information

17.How can I determine whether I'm conducting flight operations in a controlled airspace?

a) It is necessary to check the VFR map of the area where the flight operations are planned to take place.

b) If the flight is planned to be conducted for example in the area of Opatija up to 100 m above the surface it is necessary to obtain approval for the establishment of an ad hoc structure from the competent air traffic control unit. The planned flying area is located in CTR Rijeka (controlled airspace).

Usefull link: Controlled zones

18.If I fly at a height of 40 meters and 6 kilometers from the controlled aerodrome, am I obliged to obtain an approval from the competent Air Traffic Control?

If the flight is planned to be conducted in the controlled airspace and up to 50 m above the surface it is necessary to establish an automated procedure for establishment of an ad hoc structure and approval on the day of flight from the competent air traffic control unit.

19.If I fly in uncontrolled airspace at height of 100 meters above the surface, am I obliged to obtain an approval from the competetnt Air Traffic Control?

If you fly in the uncontrolled airspace ut to 120 meters above the surface, you must establish an automated procedure for establishment of an ad hoc structure and approval on the day of flight from the competent air traffic control unit.

20.Do I have to obtain an approval to establish an ad hoc structure before I fly an unmanned aircraft?

Yes, prior the flight of unmanned aircraft (including model aicraft), approval must be obtained for the establishment of an ad hoc structure.

21.Where can I find information about the establishment of an ad hoc structure?

All information about the estavlishment of an ad-hoc structure can be found at the following link: Cro Control

22.At what distance do I have to be from an uncontrolled aerodrome?

You must be at a distance of at least 3km from the thresholds and edges of an uncontrolled aerodrome runway.

23.What is the difference between a controlled and an uncontrolled aerodrome?

Uncontrolled aerodrome is an aerodrome that does not provide air traffic control services. A controlled aerodrome outside of working hours of the competent aerodrome air traffic control unit is considered uncontrolled.

24.Can I operate two unmanned aircraft simultaneously?

No, it is not allowed to operate simultaneously with multiple Unmanned Aircraft without the prior approval of the Croatian Civil Aviation Agency.

25.Can I fly at night?

Operators conducting categories A, B2 and C2 flight operations can fly at night. An Unmanned Aircraft shall be equipped with lights that ensure the determination of orientation of the Unmanned Aircraft in airspace. The lights must be visible to the remote pilot throughout the flight.

26.When do I have to keep flight records?

Flight records should be kept only by an operator conducting category C2 flight operations.

27.If I change my residential addrss do I have to report it to the Agency?

Yes, the operator must notify the Croatian Civil Aviation Agency within 10 days of any change in the record.

28.When I conduct flight operations with a DJI Phantom 4 Pro, do I need to have a compulsory insurance policy with me?

Yes, you have to have a compulsory insurance policy with you.

29.I am currently a registered operator conducting category A Flight Operations and owning a DJI Phantom 4 Pro without a built-in parachute. Do I have to register again for category B2 flight operations?

No, the Declaration you submitted prior to the entry of the Ordinance on Unmanned Aircraft Systems into force will be recognized as valid and you will be allowed to conduct category B2 flight operations.

30.Will the approval you have issued before the entry of the Ordinance on Unmanned Aircraft Systems into force, to carry out flight operations at distances lower than the prescribed, continue to be valid?

Yes, they will be valid until the date of expiration.

31.Is it necessary to maintain the unmanned aircraft system?

The maintenance is necessary to assure proper operation of the unmanned aircraft system.

32.What is the base for the proper maintenance of the unmanned aircraft system?

The unmanned aircraft system is maintained according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

33.Is it necessary to describe and document the maintenance of the unmanned aircraft system?

No, the maintenance of the unmanned aircraft system description and documentation, as part of the Operation Manual, is mandatory only for performing the category C2 operation.

34.According to what regulation is possible to build the unmanned aircraft system?

a) Fabrication of the unmanned aircraft system with operating mass of up to 25 kg does not need to meet any requirements.

b) The unmanned aircraft system with mass of 25 to 150 kg can be fabricated according to the requirements of the Ordinance on design, acceptance, construction and maintenance of the aircraft that are not within the EASA competence (“Official Gazette”, No. 77/16).

Fabrication of the unmanned aircraft system with mass of above 150 kg is regulated by the EU, the competent authority for the design and production is the European aviation safety agency (EASA).